Technical Revolution in Skating
Eduard Engelmann Jr. was already a sport's junky in the late 19th century. The European Figure Skating Champion of 1892 and 1894 was also proud of his high-wheeler and together with others, he founded the first Viennese Cycling Club.
The talented skater was also responsible for an important technological innovation in the early 20th century: The engineer developed and built the first artificial ice rinks in the world. The famous Viennese Skating Club opened completely renovated in 1912, Engelmann was an important pathfinder of the biggest known open-air rink of this time, with about 4000 qm.
By the way: The first European Championships (EC) were held in 1891. Men were the only competitors permitted to take part at EC during the upcoming 40 years. The competition consisted of one segment, the so called compulsory figures. The first ladies' event at Europeans took place in 1930. Together with Pair Skating which was included in the same year the EC contained three disciplines (Single Men, Single Ladies, Pair Skating). Ice Dance was added in 1954 as the fourth and so far last discipline.